Energy Supply and the state – player or moderator?

The organization and the control of energy supply is one of the most critical topics for the security of human societies. Interdependency between sectors and across national infrastructures is critical, especially as the trend towards sector-coupling and international energy distribution gains traction. The ever-growing complexity of national and international energy systems is also increasingly mapped digitally, which should simplify the future interplay between the relevant actors.

Implementing ambitious energy transition policies requires collaboration by the many stakeholders in each country and internationally between governments, as well as across industries, civil societies and supranational organisations. Collaborative partnership is the cornerstone of any global strategy towards carbon neutrality. Be it in state economies or market economies, nation states have important, but varying roles to play in the process, as both actors and moderators.

The session will explore the synergies and tensions between state-based action, private industry, and the role of regions and supranational organizations in the context of extremely fast-changing energy market environments.