Hydrogen and the electricity system in Germany and France: concepts, technologies, complementarities

Both Germany and France have developed a national hydrogen strategy in the past year, in which 9 and 7 billion € respectively are to be invested. Both countries focus on the use of hydrogen in the industrial and heavy-duty sectors. In addition, more is to be invested in research and innovation.

The German hydrogen strategy states that only so-called “green hydrogen”, i.e. hydrogen produced on the basis of renewable energies, is sustainable in the long term. Therefore, Germany wants to actively support its market ramp-up. The goal is to have generation plants with a total capacity of up to 5 GW by 2030 in order to be able to cover part of the hydrogen demand itself. The majority of hydrogen demand, on the other hand, is to be imported.

The French hydrogen strategy speaks of “decarbonised hydrogen”. The goal is to install electrolysers with a total capacity of 6.5 GW by 2030. The development of hydrogen technology is also expected to create up to 150,000 jobs, either directly or indirectly.

The national hydrogen strategies will be presented in more detail at the online conference. Registration is free of charge for DFBEW members, press and public authorities and 140 EUR for non-members and third parties.

Languages: German & French